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India

Campaign against child domestic labour launched

12 June 2011, New Delhi: On the occasion of the World Day Against Child Labour, Bachpan Bachao Andolan has launched a national campaign against domestic child labour across 300 villages in 9 states. Today 225 Resident Welfare Associations came together in the capital in various colonies to pledge their support to the campaign in several programmes organized throughout the city. The campaign is spearheaded specially in the rural areas.

Letters have been sent to various officials of the central government including the National Human Rightr Commission. The National Commision for Protection of Child Rights, Nationa Legal Services Authority etc. At the state level, letters were sent to the Chief secretaies, Distict Judges, District Magistrates, Superintendent of Police, Labour Commissioners, etc.

In Delhi, also letters regarding the campaign were sent o the DC, ACP, SHO, SDM, judges of the Delhi High court and other officials.

In Nazafgarh, more than 120 Residents Welfare Associations from the area have pledged their support to the campaign and end child labour in their colonies.

In Malviya Nagar, one of the place where the campaign was launched, 2 girls aged 12-14 were found working at a home in the area. The members of BBA took notice of these children and spoke to the owner and asked her not to employ the children. She immediately removed them from work and sent them away to continue their education.

In Jaipur, where more than 500 people took part and pledged against child labour where the campaign is being launched across Rajasthan.

Kailash Satyarthi, founder, BBA said, “ This campaign is being launched against the invisible slavery, which is another form of child labour. Child specially girls are physically and sexually abused. Illegal placement agencies have mushroomed in the country in all metro politan cities, towns and they have become a conduit for child trafficking and forced labour”.

The campaign was launched by former child labourers who have now become spokespersons and activists against the menace.

http://bba.org.in/campaigns/dcl2011-launched.php

Domestic workers' plight finally being addressed through International Convention on Domestic Labour: BBA launches a nationwide Campaign Against Child Domestic Workers'

http://www.bba.org.in/campaigns/dcl2011.php

Pakistan

Lahore: The Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC) demanded of the Punjab government to put an immediate ban on child domestic labour by adding it in the schedule of banned occupations under the Employment of Children (Amended) Act 2011.

While addressing a press conference organised in connection with the Child Labour Free Week of SPARC at Lahore Press Club on Sunday, Regional Manager SPARC Sajjad Cheema said the ILO estimated that domestic service was the single largest source of employment for girls under 16 around the world. Quoting the Anti-Slavery International, he said Asia was home to about 60 per cent of child domestic labourers, out of which 90 per cent were girls.

“Child domestic labour is the worst form of child labour depriving a number of children from their basic rights of health, education, livelihood and protection. Unfortunately, this practice of hiring children for domestic work is highly prevalent in our country especially in urban settings”, he added.

The SPARC manager said according to the ILO, every 4th household employs a child for work in Pakistan. “Since January 2010, more than 12 children have lost their lives due to torture inflicted by their employers and about 95 per cent of these cases have been reported in Punjab which is alarming situation”, he said, adding that most children were made to work consistently without a break, often on twelve hour shifts.

http://www.sparcpk.org/

Philippines

Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) pushes for a "tripartite effort" in fighting against child labor

DOLE Secretary Rosalinda Baldoz said the government is fighting children labor through: poverty reduction, social protection, and education planning.

“I (urge) the (DOLE's) social partners, civil society and other sectors to help build political and popular commitment against child labor by playing leading roles in advocacy and awareness raising efforts against this social menace," she said in a news release posted on the DOLE website.

“Child labor is a widespread phenomenon all over the world. Children who work are frequently victims of mistreatment, physical violence, and psychological abuse. Girls are even more vulnerable, often becoming easy targets of sexual abuse by employers and co-workers," she added.

Baldoz said the Philippines must reinvigorate its anti-child labor program based on President Benigno Aquino III’s goal to promote labor standards compliance.

She also said the anti-child labor program aims to align the country’s labor policies with international treaties and the conventions of the International Labor Organization that have been ratified by the Philippines.

Baldoz said the Philippines intends to actively participate in the activities of the World Day Against Child Labor.

“World Day Against Child Labor is an important opportunity for people around the world to call attention to the plight of child workers and to call for stronger labor protection for workers everywhere," she said.

She said the DOLE and the Bureau of Workers with Special Concerns (BWSC) is working with various groups to line up activities for the celebration.

This year’s theme for the celebration is “Mapanganib na Paggawa, Bawal sa Bata."

The DOLE cited the International Labor Organization, which said the worst forms of child labor include selling or trafficking children, the forced recruitment of child soldiers, using or offering children for prostitution or the production of pornography, and using, procuring, or offering of children for illicit activities or any other activities likely to harm children. - VVP, GMA News

LATIN AMERICA

Chile

Las cifras de la OIT indican que en el mundo uno de cada seis niños entre los 6 y 17 años trabaja. En Chile, la Primera Encuesta Nacional de Actividades de Niños y Adolescentes, que realizó el Ministerio del Trabajo y Previsión Social y la OIT, con la colaboración del SENAME y el INE (2004), indicó que existirían alrededor de 107.676 niños y adolescentes chilenos que trabajan en condiciones calificadas como inaceptables.

Afiche Dia Mundial Contra TRabajo Infantil 2011

Declaración de la Marcha Global Contra el Trabajo Infantil a propósito del Convenio de la OIT sobre el trabajo decente para los y las trabajadores domésticos

Descargar

El Día Mundial

El 12 de junio de cada año fue la fecha designada por la Organización Internacional del Trabajo de Naciones Unidas (OIT) para conmemorar el Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil.

Desde su primera celebración en el 2002, el Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil se ha convertido en una oportunidad para reforzar y promover la voluntad política y el compromiso de los gobiernos y de diferentes actores sociales con la erradicación del trabajo infantil.

La celebración se ha convertido en uno de los momentos del año en el cual se realizan esfuerzos simultáneos en diferentes países de América Latina y el Caribe para llamar la atención sobre la necesidad de conocer y reconocer la situación de explotación económica de la infancia.

Reunión en Perú de la Marcha
Global contra el Trabajo Infantil

Marcha Global contra el Trabajo Infantil

Ver Imágenes

Representantes de 10 organizaciones
sudamericanas que forman parte de la Marcha
Global contra el Trabajo Infantil se reunieron
en Perú el año 2008 con el propósito de
planear acciones conjuntas y coordinar
los planes para la conmemoración
del 12 de Junio, Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil.

http://www.paicabi.cl/dia_mundial_contra_trabajo_infantil_2011.html

Sitio desarrollado por la Corporación ONG Paicabí
Webmaster: Alejandro Arredondo Ossandón (a.arredondo@paicabi.cl)
2 Poniente 639. Viña del Mar, Chile
Fono (56)(32)2881777 - Fax (56)(32)2881777
paicabi@paicabi.cl

Costa Rica

12 de junio Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil

Costa Rica sin actualizar cifras de niños, niñas y adolescentes trabajadores

¿Qué ha pasado en Costa Rica con respecto a los trabajos peligrosos?

En Costa Rica se desconoce actualmente la cantidad exacta de niños, niñas y adolescentes trabajadores; el país no cuenta con datos actualizados con relación al trabajo infantil y adolescente y mucho menos al trabajo peligroso.

Pero hay situaciones que hablan por si solas y aunque no se puede asegurar que el número ha aumentado, desde DNI Costa Rica podemos decir que la falta de oportunidades para la población menor de edad perssite y el incumplimiento a la Convención Internacional del Niño por parte del Estado también. Nuestra organización trabaja en comunidades social y económicamente excluidas, se encuentra de manera constante con situaciones en donde niños, niñas y adolescentes realizan trabajos que afectan su salud física, emocional, su desarrollo integral y su bienestar. Las situaciones de pobreza y pobreza extrema obligan a las familias a desarrollar estrategias de subsistencia en donde todos los miembros participan, incluyendo a las personas menores de edad. Y es que de otra manera no pueden satisfacer las necesidades básicas y a veces ni aún así su situación mejora significativamente lo que resulta en mayores condiciones de vulnerabilidad ante situaciones de explotación y abusos o trabajar en condiciones que pone en peligro sus vidas.

Para esto es importante recordar que Costa Rica ratificó hace 10 años el Convenio 182 y la Recomendación 190 como una oportunidad de mejorar los instrumentos de protección e intensificar los procesos para eliminar el trabajo pesado y peligroso . También se dio ese paso para brindar a las personas menores de edad condiciones que aseguren sus derechos humanos y su desarrollo integral y social.

Antes de la ratificación de este convenio, ya el país había logrado avanzar en la aprobación de un reglamento de prohibición de trabajos peligros para adolescentes, asimismo con el Código de Niñez y Adolescencia el cual a través del capítulo siete protege a adolescentes mayores de 15 años mediante un régimen de protección especial para garantizarles igualdad de oportunidades, de remuneración y de trato en materia de empleo y ocupación. Este año finalmente se logró la aprobación de la ley 8922 sobre prohibición del trabajo peligroso e insalubre para personas adolescentes trabajadoras, con lo que se logró reforzar la legislación existente.

A pesar de la importancia de que el país cuenta con leyes que protegen a los niños, niñas y adolescentes, lamentablemente en la práctica no hemos logrado acabar con el trabajo infantil y los trabajos peligrosos. Desde DNI Costa Rica creemos que hay varias razones del porque no hemos podido dar una respuesta real al problema.

En primer lugar porque se sigue viendo el problema de trabajo infantil y adolescente como un problema aislado del contexto país en donde hay un aumento de desigualdad y un creciente brecha entre las poblaciones con oportunidades y carencias. Mientras no se logre que el Estado tome medidas para que estos niños, niñas y adolescentes puedan ejercer sus derechos como el acceso a una educación inclusiva y de calidad, acceso a salud, vivienda, a vivir sin violencia y en un ambiente sano, saludable y sostenible, etc, los números se mantendrán o incluso podrán aumentar. Para esto se requiere de inversión social.

Relacionado con lo anterior, es importante que el Estado crea políticas para generar oportunidades de trabajo con pagos justos y condiciones y garantías laborales para las personas adultas, lo que ayudará a sostener las familias sin la mano de obra de las personas menores de edad.

En segundo lugar ha sido imposible proteger a los niños, niñas y adolescente ya que la gran mayoría está en el sector informal en donde no hay respaldo, ni control para garantizar un pago justo y condiciones y garantías laborales tal como la legislación estipula. El problema es que a pesar de que hay ideas generales en qué sectores y lugares del país están los niños, niñas y adolescentes trabajadores, hay un desconocimiento a dónde exactamente están trabajando y en qué condiciones están. Para esto sería importante contar con sistemas de registro a nivel local que permite identificar a las personas menores de edad que están trabajando y fortalecer a los sistemas locales de protección para dar un seguimiento más individualizado a cada niño, niña y adolescente.

En tercer lugar contamos con protocolos que han sido un paso importante para definir las responsabilidades y la coordinación entre las diferentes instituciones, no obstante al no contar las instituciones estatales con suficientes recursos e infraestructura para monitorear a los niños, niñas y adolescentes, estos instrumentos no han podido usar de manera óptima, ni se ha podido implementar un monitoreo permanente del niño, niña o adolescente. En este sentido se requiere de mayor inversión en las instituciones gubernamentales para que cuenten con los recursos necesarios pero también es importante seguir trabajando afinando y mejorando las coordinaciones que permiten abordajes integrales e intervenciones efectivas y de calidad.

El trabajo infantil y adolescente tiene dimensiones sociales, políticas y económicas, y por lo tanto debe contar, para ser enfrentados, con voluntad política, recursos y un abordaje integral, tanto para prevenir para que niños y niñas trabajan, como para atender a los y las que están trabajando con una especial atención a los que realizan trabajos que perjudican su salud y el bienestar, y para que se cuenta con sistemas de monitoreo para adolescentes garantizando sus derechos laborales.

Trabajo Infantil y Adolescente en el mundo

Según un informe reciente la OIT estima que en el mundo hay 115 millones de niños, niñas y adolescentes que realizan trabajos peligrosos; 53 millones en edades entre 5 y 14 años y 62 millones de 15 a 17 años, indicando que este último grupo además aumentó un 20%. Se señalan seis sectores de la economía donde se encuentran la mayoría de niños, niñas y adolescentes trabajadores en situaciones de peligro; agricultura, pesca, servicio doméstico, minería y canteras y ventas ambulantes.

En conmemoración del 12 de junio, día mundial contra el trabajo infantil, la atención se centró en los trabajos peligrosos, estipulado en el artículo 3 inciso d; trabajo que por el tipo de tareas o por las condiciones en que se realizan, afectan la salud, la seguridad o la moral de los niños, niñas y adolescentes.

Peru

12 de Junio: Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil

Diversas organizaciones latinoamericanas que forman parte de la Marcha Global contra el Trabajo Infantil adhieren a esta iniciativa de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo - OIT.

Como en años anteriores, el próximo 12 de junio se conmemora el Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil y diversas organizaciones preparan acciones para llamar la atención sobre este creciente problema.

Los Estados Miembros de la OIT han establecido la meta de eliminar las peores formas de trabajo infantil para 2016. Considerando este propósito, el Día Mundial contra el Trabajo Infantil 2011 se enfoca en el combate del Trabajo Infantil Peligroso, teniendo en cuenta que la abrumadora mayoría de las peores formas de trabajo infantil suponen trabajos peligrosos

Trabajo infantil peligroso

Se entiende por trabajo infantil peligroso aquel que por su naturaleza es probable que dañe la salud, la seguridad o la moralidad de los niños. Ciertas industrias o formas de trabajo conllevan riesgos particulares, pero toda forma de trabajo infantil puede entrañar peligros que podrían perjudicar al niño.

Los niños pueden estar directamente expuestos a peligros de trabajo evidentes, como en el uso de herramientas cortantes y de sustancias químicas peligrosas. Otros peligros para los niños trabajadores pueden ser menos aparentes, tales como el riesgo de abusos o de problemas causados por excesivas horas de trabajo.

La Marcha Global

Las instituciones que foman parte de la Marcha Global contra el Trabajo Infantil en sudamérica y adhieren a esta inicitiva son:
ONG Paicabí
(Chile)             
Fundacion Abrinq
(Brasil)            
Corporación Opción
(Chile)             
CTERA
(Argentina)      
Fundación Dequeni(Paraguay)           
CESIP
(Perú) 
ACJ-YMCA
(Colombia)      
Trazos
(Perú) 
Centro de Desarrollo y Autogestión DYA
(Ecuador)        
Fundación Mundo Mejor
(Colombia)     

La Marcha Global se gesta en 1998, fruto de la preocupación de organizaciones no gubernamentales, sindicatos y niños y niñas que toman la decisión de dar a conocer la situación que viven cerca de 250 millones de niños y niñas que trabajan en el mundo.

Hoy se ha convertido en el mayor movimiento mundial de promoción y defensa de los derechos del niño y la niña, especialmente su derechos a estar libre de explotación económica y acceder a una educación universal, gratuita y de calidad.

Africa

World Day Against Child Labour

School Children March on the Commemoration

Nhamo is a 15 year old boy who lives in Banket, Mashonaland West Province. His parents were employed as farm labourers and their income could hardly meet their needs. As a result of poverty (living on less than a dollar a day as measured by the MDG indicator) and with the increase in the number of children, they found it difficult to pay for Nhamo’s tuition fee. As a result, Nhamo had to become an illegal gold panner at the age of 12 at a mine in Chikomo Chemunga farming area. This affected him so much that he found it very difficult to balance between school and work such that he ended up dropping out of school at the age of 13 and becoming a full time child labourer.

This and other many similar stories came out of the child labour awareness that was held by DCI Zimbabwe (formerly New Hope Foundation Zimbabwe) in Banket on the 12th of June 2011 (World Day Against Child Labour). The community child labour awareness gathering was conducted in the area of Banket after having realised the striking increase in the number of child labour cases in the area. On this occasion, IEC materials were distributed and discussions and information shared on the rights of the child (as described in the UNCRC and African Charter); causes of child labour; its effects/impact on the individual child, family, community and nation at large. The discussions also covered the impact of child labour on attaining the MDG’s. Finally the community child labour awareness gathering covered issues on the possible solution to the problem.

Entertainers on the World Day Against Child Labour

The community child labour awareness gathering made use of drama, poems, impromptu speeches, debates, traditional dances and music in sending the information. The community child labour awareness gathering comprised of children from Mashonaland West Province, their parents, teachers and officials from the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture and from the Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare.

The results from the community child labour awareness gathering showed that poverty was the main cause of child labour and we classified poverty into three categories namely:

Moral poverty

Material poverty and

Knowledge poverty

On the effects of child labour, the community child labour awareness gathering came out with the following:

Low self esteem

School dropouts

Low incomes due to low levels of education

Increased work accidents as children will normally not be equipped and lacking knowledge

Early marriages with older men especially for girls

High fertility rates as children marry early

Complications during child bearing as their body will not have fully developed

High child mortality – as a result of home deliveries as these children can not access health services and because of poor diets

prostitution

High HIV/AIDS incidence among youths and teenagers

High HIV/AIDS related deaths because of failure to access health facilities and failure to afford ARV’s

Increased crime rates among juveniles

Vicious cycle of poverty

Lack of national development

Failure to meet the MDG’s

Dancing the challenges out

As a solution DCI-Zimbabwe saw the need to reduce or eliminate if possible the problem of child labour in Mashonaland West Province through payment of school fees and necessities like food, school uniforms and books. To ensure sustainability the organisation also empowers disadvantaged families through engaging the in income generating activities like market gardening and poultry.

DCI-Zimbabwe works to mobilise public opinion against the broader injustices contributing to child labour, through its efforts to end child labour, it condemns any system that require children to work, both at the regional and national levels, through exerting pressure to achieve political changes and jointly developing policies and actions to achieve a unified response to child labour, illiteracy and poverty.

Since it began operating in 2000, DCI-Zimbabwe has worked to achieve results in several ways: through mobilising of public opinion against the broader injustices contributing to child labour, urging the government to ratify and enforce existing laws and put pressure to use national and international resources to support education for all children.

DCI-Zimbabwe has country-wide programmes which promote policy reform, and putting in place concrete measures to end child labour mainstreaming HIV/AIDS, giving special attention to address issues of child headed families and poverty reduction; through awareness raising campaigns intended to change social attitudes and promote ratification and effective implementation of ILO child labour Conventions. These efforts have resulted in hundreds of children being withdrawn from work and rehabilitated or prevented from entering the workforce.

The fight against child labour and trafficking  in the world continues to be a daunting challenge, but with the effort we are putting in our country today this report provide evidence that a breakthrough could be in the making. We know today that with the political will, the resources and the right policy choices can definitely put an end to this scourge in the lives of so many families worldwide. An examination of past and contemporary examples shows that the effective abolition of child labour is possible if it is approached on many fronts.

The overall growth of the economy is by no means the only factor in the decline of child labour. Improvements in the adult labour market, changes in technology, decreasing fertility rates, the availability of decent schools, changing cultural patterns (including changing power relations within the family supporting women’s empowerment) and legal instruments and their enforcement can all lead to a radical drop in child labour. But these factors have to be made to work together to create a virtuous cycle. So in shaping future strategies, we must remember that economic and social policies must work in the same direction to provide sustainable decent work for parents and, for children, education at least up to the minimum age for admission to employment.

Children are often hit hardest by crises, whatever their nature, and are at increased risk of being trapped in child labour. In the wake of conflict and civil unrest, child protection mechanisms break down, putting boys and girls at risk of exploitation, violence and abuse. These trends both add to the vulnerability of children to some of the worst forms of child labour, and impede national and international efforts to provide solutions.

After realising that poverty and economic hardships faced by many families are the root causes of child labour. A total number of 40 people were trained on how to start poultry and market gardening projects using the resources that are locally available. People indicated that they are prepared take up anything as long as they are assisted with resources to start the projects. They were taught how run a project. But however the biggest challenge to them was of the capital to start the projects.

After these community child labour awareness gatherings many people admitted that they were abusing the child rights unknowingly. The issue of child labour was debated in one of the community child labour awareness gathering, as people were saying that children are supposed to go to work to help their families with   food and non-food items. Due to economic hardship parents are not affording to pay school fees for their children, forcing them to drop-out of the school and to look for work. Some girls are forced to get married for the sake of raising money for the family through the payment of lobola as well as to reduce the family size. In these community child labour awareness gatherings children were given an opportunity to air their views regarding their rights .Most children were very happy to know their rights, as they most of them indicated that they need more community child labour awareness gatherings to learn on their rights. People were also taught how to handle cases pertaining to child labour and other forms of abuse, as taught the dangers of child labour and how it affects health system of a child and how it impedes the growth of a child.

The Ministry of Education, teachers to be specific were then given information on signs of a child being abused and in child labour and their role as teachers in promoting children’s right to education and reporting such cases that deny the child proper development and education. The Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare was encouraged to strengthen their inspection systems and also increasing the number of labour inspectors so that it tallies with the increase in the number of child labour cases.

An evaluation of the meeting showed that the community welcomed the project from DCI-Zimbabwe and this gave DCI-Zimbabwe staff an platform to continue working

Challenges faced

DCI-Zimbabwe had plans to hold a country wide March against child labour sending information on child labour in Harare, Mashonaland East, Manicaland, Midlands, Masvingo and Matabeleland South Province, this March would stretch from Harare, go via Mutare, Masvingo and then end in Beitbridge. The plan is facing challenges because of financial challenges.

We appeal to well-wishers to stand up with us and help raise the march needed resources to see this campaign going on.